Trying to do our part to leave a better world for future generations can be easier than you think. An easy way to start reducing your waste and repurposing it is by composting. Just think of all the stuff in your kitchen and garden that goes to waste. By simply changing your habits and turning that waste into compost you can generate a free source of rich compost to help improve your garden and help reduce global warming in the process.
How does home composting help to reduce global warming?
When organic waste is sent to a landfill it is combined with tonnes of other waste types therefore it does not get enough access to air to properly decompose. For each pound of waste you don’t send to a landfill and compost instead you’re avoid 2.5 pounds of C02 emissions! Every little bit counts.
The Compost Bin
In order to start composting at home you need a compost bin, you can either purchase one or make your own. You can purchase bins at a local home and garden center or check to see if your municipality has any programs to encourage composting in your area.
The next step is to find the perfect spot to situate your compost bin. For optimum results place the bin in a well drained area that has good access to sunlight. Drainage enables excess water to drain out form the compost and the sun helps speed up the process!
What waste items can I put in my compost bin?
There are many household waste items that can go into your compost bin. To make it simple they are broken down into greens and browns.
Greens are the type of items that provide moisture and nitrogen and are quick to rot, such as:
- Grass cuttings
- Vegetable peelings
- Tea bags
Browns are waste items that take longer to rot but provide pockets of air, along with fiber and carbon, which include:
- Cardboard boxes
- Newspapers (scrunched up)
- Toilet roll tubes
- Egg shells (crushed)
- Shredded paper
- Twigs and hedge clippings
How do I make a good quality compost?
In order to get good quality compost it is important to use a good mix of both green and brown wastes. After that it is simply a matter of monitoring the compost and adding more waste depending on the look and texture of the compost.
Too dry – add more green waste
Too wet – add more brown waste
Once in awhile it is best to mix or turn the contents in the compost bin in order to add air and help speed up the process.
How long will it take for my compost to be ready to use?
There really isn’t an exact answer because it depends on the mixture of waste you place in your compost bin, the area you place it in, and the weather. Generally it takes between six and nine months for compost to be ready to use!
Help reduce your carbon footprint and give composting a try!
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Thank you to Laura Cyra-Korsgaard for this imformative post!